Cambridge IELTS 13 - Test 3 - Task 1
The bar chart below shows the top ten countries for the production and consumption of electricity in 2014. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
The bar chart illustrates the comparison of electricity production and consumption for the top ten countries during the year 2014.
Overall, it is significantly clear that the production was greater than its consumption in almost all the countries except Germany where the demand was higher than the supply. In terms of total production and consumption, China and United States were the top 2 largest producers and consumers of electrical power while the Germans and Koreans were the bottom two.
In 2014, China produced 5398 billion kWh of electricity and had consumed 5322 billion kWh during the same year. This was the highest in both criteria amongst all the countries under comparison. They were closely followed by the USA, which managed to generate 4099 billion kWh while consuming 3866 billion kWh thereby left with some spare electrical power. The Russians, Japanese, and Indians were not able to produce this much electricity and could only manufacture 1057, 936.2, and 871 billion kWh respectively and consumed 1038, 856.7, and 698.8 billion kWh in their respective countries. The power production in Canada, France, and Brazil was quite similar at 618.9, 561.2, and 530.7 billion kWh respectively. Moreover, their consumption was also identical at 499.9, 462.9, and 455.8 billion kWh.
On the contrary, Germany was not able to meet the consumer's electrical energy demands and managed to produce only 526.6 billion kWh whereas their consumption was 582.5 billion kWh.